IBD is Inflammatory Bowel Disease. It comes in two main forms – Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis – but both are caused by excessive inflammation in the gut. This causes bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain and urgency to have a bowel movement. IBD has a significant effect on both health and lifestyle, and disproportionately affects young people.
We know that IBD is a result of excessive inflammation – the same immune response you get when you have an infection, but in the absence of any recognizable danger. Current research shows the involvement of not only the immune response, but also the intestinal lining, the gut bacteria, and the genetic background; all acting together.
Most treatments involve reducing the inflammation, and trying to reduce any recognizable danger that make the disease worse. These triggers are very different from person to person.
A list of genes associated with IBD can be downloaded here
Crohns and Colitis NZ - http://crohnsandcolitis.org.nz